Articles

Here are several miscellaneous computer related articles, opinions and essays by fellow TTCS members. If you wish to contribute an article, email us at info@cs.tt.

Note : Any opinions expressed by contributors are not necessarily that of the TTCS.


 

Trinidad and Tobago Tech Groups and Email lists

ICT-related Laws and Policies in Trinidad and Tobago

Computer Suppliers in Trinidad and Tobago

All Purpose Windows troubleshooting and upgrading USB or DVD drive

History of Bulletin Board Systems (BBSes) in Trinidad and Tobago

Rules for the TTCS discussion list

Trinidad and Tobago Wi-Fi hotspots

History of the Society of Computer Users (SCU) from 1990 to 1996

Interview with the TTNIC administrator

Windows XP Service Pack 2

Year 2000

 

 

 

 

Password Tips for Kids (and Adults)

Kids are online all the time and many of the sites they use require accounts with passwords. For  2017, here are some tips for kids to help them keep their passwords safe. These apply to adults as well!

Don’t use anything that others can guess about you like your name or your birthday. The best passwords are ones that are hard to figure out.

Mix it up. Good passwords use a combination of letters, numbers and symbols. You can even substitute symbols for letters like using $ instead of an S.

Use a different password for each site. This way, if someone guesses your password on one site, they won’t have access to information on all of the sites you use.

Don’t let anyone know your password (except your parents). Your parents are the only ones who should know your passwords. Don’t tell anyone else, even your friends.

Always log out. When you are using a computer or other device that your share with others, you should always log out after you are done.

Don’t write your password down and leave it in a place where others can see it. A password should be easy to remember but hard to guess. If you have to write your password down, make sure to keep it in a safe place where only you can get it.

ICT-related Laws and Policies in Trinidad and Tobago

These series of posts on the Trinidad and Tobago Computer Society’s website documents the various Information and Communication Technology (ICT) related laws and policies that have been introduced and/or proposed in Trinidad and Tobago either in the Trinidad and Tobago Parliament or by various Government ministries, and the Telecommunications Authority of Trinidad and Tobago (TATT) since 1999.

The Trinidad and Tobago Computer Society has commented on many of these policies and links to our comments have also been provided.

Furthermore. we have also linked to local copies of policies that have disappeared with the removal and/or redesign of government websites over time.

ICT Related Laws and Policies sorted by Year


2016
2015
2014
2013
2012
2011
2010
2009
2008
2006
2005
2004
2003
2001
2000

How laws are passed in Trinidad and Tobago

(This is a layperson’s understanding of the process. A lot of information was obtained from the Trinidad and Tobago Parliament’s website.)

Laws are introduced and passed in the Parliament of Trinidad and Tobago which consists of the President of Trinidad and Tobago and two bodies, a House of Representatives and a Senate. The House of Representatives has forty one (41) elected representatives of the constituencies in Trinidad and Tobago. The Senate has 31 senators appointed by the President, sixteen on the advice of the Prime Minister ; six on the advice of the Leader of the Opposition; and nine Independents appointed by the President.

Proposed laws are introduced in either in the House of Representatives or in the Senate as a Bill (Note: certain types of Bills known as “Money Bills” cannot be introduced in the Senate) . The Bill is debated and after a vote, is passed with or without amendments. This Bill (as passed) is then introduced in the other chamber of Parliament where it is similarly debated, possibly amended and voted on.

If there are no amendments to the Bill in the second chamber, then the Bill is passed.

If there are amendments to the Bill in the second chamber, the amendments have to be voted by the chamber where the Bill was first introduced.

Once the Bill in its final form has been approved by both the House of Representatives and the Senate, the Bill as passed becomes an Act. Depending on the the legislation, the Act comes into effect on the Date of Assent, and/or when proclaimed by the President.

 

TTCS comments on “Towards the Treatment of Over The Top (OTT) services” policy document submitted to Telecom Authority of Trinidad and Tobago

tatt-pdf-image-of-towards-the-treatment-of-ott-services

 

The Trinidad and Tobago Computer Society (TTCS ; http://cs.tt/) has submitted its comments on the Telecommunications Authority of Trinidad and Tobago (TATT) document “Towards the treatment of Over The Top Services”

The TTCS comments can be viewed at TTCS-comments-on-TATT-Towards-the-treatment-of-OTT-services-public-July20-2015 (PDF ; 369K)

A general comment:

“For the past two decades, TATT has presided over a telecommunications sector which has experienced significant and ongoing growth for all commercial actors. The TATT “light touch” approach is one of the main factors contributing to the success of the sector. The status quo, as facilitated by TATT, should be maintained as the market can and will continue to innovate in the provision of value added services as it has already done for the benefit of clients, consumers, service providers and the country as a whole.

The TTCS fears that any change in the status quo *at the present time* will lead to a stifling of innovation and lead to significantly reduced domestic competition overall.

The treatment of Over The Top (OTT) services is *fundamentally* a Network Neutrality (NN) issue. Once the Telecommunications Authority makes a final decision on where it stands
regarding NN/zero rating of services, its way forward on topics such as OTT becomes much less complex and simple to execute. Over the top services (OTT) can be broad enough to
apply to any service provided over the Internet as a whole, or any future network. If TATT is to consider competition described by providers as “unfair,” then Zero Rated services should also be considered by the Authority in greater detail.

Attempting to make a final decision on OTT without any final decision on NN issues may needlessly complicate the country’s future regulatory landscape, and create precedents
which may limit future regulatory agility and sector innovation and growth. One of the realities of a competitive marketplace is that service providers must innovate constantly or else perish.

The TTCS believes that any regulator should have no vested interest in stifling future sources of innovation in order to preserve revenue streams for service providers. More significantly, any request by service providers that TATT *must* intervene in the regulatory environment in order  to mitigate any loss or potential loss of revenue as a result of technological changes in the sector misunderstands the responsibility of a regulator for the entire sector, and not just one part of it. Increased and differentiated competition and innovation in the telecoms space is to be encouraged, not stifled.

The Trinidad and Tobago Cyber Security Agency Bill, 2015

The Trinidad and Tobago Cyber Security Agency Bill, 2015 was introduced as the same time as the Cybercrime Bill 2015 by the Minister of National Security Brigadier General Carlton Alfonso on May 1 2015.

It seeks to establish a the Trinidad and Tobago Cyber Security Agency (TTCSA) to act as a national point of contact for all cyber security related concerns and other related matters. The functions of the TTCSA are to:

(a) act as the national point of contact for all cyber security related matters;

(b) establish a national computer incident response team to be known as the “Trinidad and Tobago Cyber Security Incident Response Team” (hereinafter referred to as “TT-CSIRT”);

(c) refer matters to the police, where evidence of an offence under the  Cybercrime Act, 2015 comes to its knowledge;

(d) prepare, review and update periodically and in any event at least annually, a national cyber security strategy and prepare such plans as are necessary for the successful implementation of such strategy;

(e) collaborate with the relevant public body in the collection of relevant information which would facilitate the analysis of current and emerging risks, including those risks which could produce an impact on the resilience and availability of data communications networks and on the authenticity, integrity
and confidentiality of the information accessed and transmitted through such
networks;

(f) provide advice on cyber security related matters, including situational awareness information, to the Minister, the Trinidad and Tobago Police Service or such other competent national bodies as are necessary;

(g) enhance cooperation between different actors operating in the field of cybersecurity by holding consultations with, interalia, various industries, universities, public sector bodies and private sector and civil society bodies;

(h) contribute to the awareness raising, and the availability of, current, objective and comprehensive information on cybersecurity by, inter alia, promoting exchanges of current best practices, including methods of alerting users and facilitating cooperation and collaboration between public and private sector initiatives.

(i) develop and publish standards for products and services on cyber security;

(j) establish and publish baseline cyber security requirements and standards for
various sectors including operators of critical infrastructures;
(k) conduct research and development in the area of cyber security and identify critical research and development needs, gaps and emerging trends for future research;

(l) promote the development of training and education programmes including the accreditation and certification of cyber security academic programmes;

(m) advise the Minister on research in the area of cyber security as well as on the effective use and adoption of risk preventative technologies;

(n) promote risk assessment activities, interoperable risk management solutions and studies on cyber security management solutions within public and private sector bodies;

(o) collaborate with the relevant public body in the provision of educational guidelines to the national community, as to the appropriate use of the national network infrastructure;

(p) establish internal and joint procedures between the public and private sectors  to manage the incidents and mitigate the threats associated with them;

(q) provide appropriate strategic insights to policy and decision-makers and public bodies in order to strengthen the national network infrastructure;

(r) develop a National Cyber Security Contingency Plan;

(s) coordinate cyber security exercises; and

(t) express independently its own conclusions and orientations and give advice on matters within its scope and objectives.

The Bill lapsed with the end of the Parliamentary session on June 17 2015.